Django vs Laravel: Performance Comparison of Web Application Frameworks
Django and Laravel are major server-side web application frameworks that are used by software developers for two separate general-purpose programming languages which are Python and PHP for Django and Laravel, respectively. In this article, we’ll discuss Django vs. Laravel performance comparisons.
Web application frameworks: Django and Laravel
A web application framework, also known as web development framework or web framework, is a set of resources and tools for software developers to build and manage web applications, web services, and websites. Web frameworks provide a standard way to build and deploy web applications online. The purpose of a web framework is to automate the burden associated with common activities in web development. Web frameworks are built to support the construction of Internet applications based on single programming languages such as Python or PHP.
This brings us to the question “What are Django and Laravel”? Django is an open-source web framework written in Python that uses the model-view template (MVT) architectural pattern. Django’s main goal is to ease the creation of complex, database-driven websites by helping developers to take applications from concept to completion as quickly as possible.
Laravel, on the other hand, is a PHP-based open-source web framework that is intended for the development of web applications that follow the model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern. Laravel’s primary purpose is to produce clear and simple code and features to help developers quickly learn, start, develop, and write code that is clear, simple, and enduring.
Django vs. Laravel: Performance comparison as web frameworks
If you’re a software development company owner or a Python or PHP developer, this comparison can serve as a guide for you in choosing between Django and Laravel asthe web framework for the application you are going to develop. We’ll focus our comparison of the Django vs Laravel performance in terms of their similarities, differences,and some of their performance results.
Similarities and differences
|Programming language:||A free, open-source, full stack web application framework written in the Python programming language.||A free, open-source, full stack web application framework written in the PHP programming language.|
|Cross-platform and scalability:||It supports cross-platform, and high scalability (the capability of a system or process to handle a growing amount of work).||It supports cross-platform, but limited support for high scalability.|
|Learning curve:||It has a low-learning curve since it is developer-friendly so it wouldn’t take long for you to learn. It is simple and easy to use because it offers code readability especially if you’re comfortable with the Python syntax.||It has a steep learning curve because it uses conventions which conflict with common code conventions.|
|Tools:||It has several sophisticated tools like decorators, SEO tools, and third-party libraries.||It only has simple tools like method injection.|
|User communities:||It has very active and responsive user communities which have large numbers of contributors on Github – a large social network platforms for developers.||It also has active and responsive user communities that have large numbers of contributors on Github.|
|Auto-queries:||It can do auto queries for databases, automatically build tables in the database from models, and an easy and secure routing system.||It can also do auto queries, automatically build tables in the database from models, and an easy, secure routing system.|
|Maintenance:||It is maintained by the Django Software Foundation.||It is maintained by the developer who created it under an MIT license (free software license).|
|Template systems:||It has its own template system with each template rich in filters and pre-defined functions.||It also has its own template system that is rich in filters and pre-defined functions.|
|Speed:||Python is a high-performance language that provides swift execution. This makes Django naturally faster as it allows developers to speed up web applications without taking up much time and effort on their part.||Laravel has rich and robust features but these additional features make it slower than other PHP-based web frameworks. Because of this, many developers have to find other ways to improve the speed of the web applications they are developing while they’re using the Laravel framework. But PHP has seen great improvements in version 7 when it comes to performance (as benchmarked), though it doesn’t follow that the framework is also fast.|
|Popularity and usage:||Django is leading in website categories of computer and electronics, food and drinks, and science and reference. It is a leading web framework in the U.S., France, Spain, Russia, and 30 other countries.||Laravel is used in more website categories that include arts and entertainment, business and industry, Internet and telecommunications, shopping, and travel. As a web framework, it is leading usage in Brazil, China, the UK, and 157 other countries.|
|Security:||Django’s user authentication system offers a safe way to manage user accounts and passwords and ensures the developers stay away from making common errors such as cross-site scripting, cross-site request, clickjacking, and forgery.||Laravel uses hashed and salted passwords which means that the password would never be saved as plain text in a database. It also uses “Bcrypt Hashing Algorithm” to create an encrypted representation of a password.|
|Scalability:||Because it is based on Python, which is a fast programming language, Django is highly scalable. Some of the busiest websites such as Mozilla Firefox, Instagram, Pinterest, NASA, The Washington Post, and other high-traffic websites use this framework. Refer also to the request time benchmarking results after this table that is related to scalability.||Since Laravel is based on the PHP language, which is a bit slower, this framework has limitations for supporting high scalability and may not be ideal for websites that have high traffic.|
|Routing:||Routing in Django is much harder because it has no built-in Application Programming Interface (API) so you have to use a library to work around it and implement the routing.||Laravel provides an easier way to create routes which is to call the method you want to use such as get, post, patch, and delete. Then supply the route URL and the view or controller method.|
|Templating:||Django has the Jinja template engine that allows customization of globals, filters, tags, and tests. Jinja allows the template designer to call functions with arguments on objects.||Laravel comes with Blade – a powerful and fully featured template engine.|
|Project structure:||Django makes it easy to manage multiple apps since it provides a separate parent directory for each app under one root project.||Laravel doesn’t have the ability to manage multiple apps. However, the framework’s architecture is ideal for mid-scale projects or when there is no need for managing multiple apps.|
|Admin panel:||Django has an easy-to-use admin panel that can be activated with just one command. The admin panel allows you to create a superuser and register the models which you want to manipulate through the admin.||Laravel doesn’t come with an admin panel so you have to use a third-party library or create your own library from scratch.|
Benchmarking of request times between Django and Laravel
The benchmarking of request times is another Django vs. Laravel performance that we can compare. A request time is the time it takes to finish an HTTP Request to a Web API written in Django and Laravel. A benchmarking test in 2018 used Laravel 5.6 based on PHP 7.2 and Django 1.11 based on Python 3.6 to compare the request times between the two web frameworks. Below is an infographic summary of the results:
Based on the infographics, Django had a lower request time than Laravel because it shows that Django had a time per request of 37.211 ms compared to 77.995 ms for Laravel.
Conclusion of Django vs. Laravel
The Django vs. Laravel performance comparison can serve as your guide in choosing the best web framework for you. However, your decision must still be based on the beneficial features of the programming language and framework that you will use for the website or application that you are developing for your customer. Fulfilling a customer’s project requirements is still the overall factor to consider in choosing the web framework you need.
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